Links and References


Plocamium cartilagineum (L.) Dixon 1998

A web page created by Kasi Carol Fowler at the University of California, Santa Cruz as a part of the marine botany class, Spring 1998.

Plocamium cartilagineum (L.) Dixon 1997

A web page created by Katrina Hart at the University of California, Santa Cruz as a part of the marine botany class, 1997.

Marine Botany Class

The marine botany class web site at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Created by Professor L. Goff for the Spring of 1999 quarter.


This page is created by Michael Guiry in assocition with the National University of Ireland, Galway. This site provides a diverse amount of algal infomation. There are lists of algal books, culture collections and organizations. There is also an algal journal, a taxonomic database and information on the algal industry and cultivation.

Seaweed (Distribution) Database

Distribution information for many algae, including the Genus Plocamium. This database is provided by the National University of Ireland, Galway and was used in creating the distribution table in the Biogeography section.

Catalogue Of Benthic Marine Algae Of The Indian Ocean

This site is hosted by the Jepson Herbarium at the University of California, Berkeley. An excellent reference for distribution and nomenclatural information. Written by Paul C. Silva, Philip Basson & Richard Moe. 1996-1998.

The Effects of Sewage on Seaweed

The full scientific article by T. C. Klenk on "the effects of sewage on the distribution of seaweed at the Bats Cave east bank sewage outfall in East London, South Africa." See Chapter 3 for a mention of Plocamium.

Taxonomy Browser

Molecular sequences of various members of the proposed Order Plocamiales, including P. cartilagineum.

An Introduction to the Rhodophyta

An excellent background of the Rhodophyta (red algae) provided by the University of California, Berkeley.

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS)

a summary of the physical setting, biological communities and assemblages and human influences on the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.


Abbott, I. How to Know the Seaweeds. 2nd ed. Dubuque, Iowa: W. C. Brown Co., 1978.

Abbott, I. and G. Hollenberg. Marine Algae of California. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1976.

Abreu, P. M., et al. Non-terpenoid compounds from Plocamium cartilagineum. Phytochemistry. 45.8 (1997): 1601-1603.

Bischoff-Basmann, B. and C. Wiencke. Temperature requirements for growth and survival of Antarctic Rhodophyta. Journal of Phycology 32.4 (1996): 525-535.

Burrows, E. Seaweeds of the British Isles. volume 2 Chlorophyta. London: Natural History Museum, 1977.

Britz, P. The suitability of selected protein sources for inclusion in formulated diets for the South African abalone, Haliotis midae. Aquaculture 140.1-2 (1996): 63-73.

Chapman, V. & D. Chapman. The algae. London: Macmillan, 1973.

Dawson, E. Marine Botany: An Introduction. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc., 1966.

Dixon, P. S. and L. M. Irvine. Seaweeds of the British Isles. volume 1 Rhodophyta. London: British Museum, 1977.

Dixon, P. S. Biology of the Rhodophyta. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd Publishers, 1973.

Drew, K.M. Manual of Phycology. Ed. G. M. Smith. Waltham, Massachusetts: Chronica Botanica Co., 1951.

Dring, Wagner, Boeskov and K. Luening. Sensitivity of intertidal and subtidal red algae to UVA and UVB radiation, as monitored by chlorophyll fluorescence measurements: influence of collection depth and season, and length of irradiation. European Journal of Phycology 31.4 (1996): 293-302.

Foster, M. The regulation of macroalgal associations in kelp forests. Synthetic and Degradative Processes in Marine Macrophytes (1982): 185-205.

Fowler, C. F. Plocamium cartilagineum (L.) Dixon. (Spring 1998)

Goff, L. Marine botany class web page. (Spring 1999)

Goff, L. Marine botany lecture series. Santa Cruz, CA: University of California. Spring 1999.

Goff, L. and I. McLaughlin. The complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the red algal parasite Plocamiocolax pulvinata (Plocamiales) and comparison to its host, Plocamium cartilagineum, and two other Plocamium non-host species. Phycologia 36.4 (1997): 35.

Gonzalez, M. Studies on the red algal epiphytes Microcladia coulteri Harv. and M. californica Farl. (Rhodophyceae, Ceramiaceae). Diss. University of California, Santa Cruz, 1998.

Gonzalez, Barrales, Candia and L. Cid. Spatial and temporal distribution of dominant epiphytes on Gracilaria from a natural subtidal bed in central-southern Chile. Aquaculture 116.2-3 (1993): 135-148.

Guiry, M. Plocamium cartilagineum (linnaeus) P. Dixon. (May 1996)

Hart, K. Plocamium catilagineum (L.) Dixon. (1997)

Kain (Jones), J. Plocamium cartilagineum in the Isle of Man: why are there so many tetrasporophytes? British Phycological 19.2 (1984): 195.

Kain, J. Seasonal growth and photoinhibition in Plocamium cartilagineum (Rhodophyta) off the Isle of Man. Phycologia 26 (1987): 88-99.

Klenk, T. C. The effects of sewage on the distribution of seaweed at the Bats Cave east bank sewage outfall in East London, South Africa: chapter 3. (Jan 1985).

Konig, Wright, and R. De Nys. Halogenated monoterpenes from Plocamium costatum and their biological activity. Journal of Natural Products 62.2 (1999): 383-385.

Kylin, H. The marine red algae in the vicinity of the biological station at Friday Harbor, Wash. Lunds universitets arrskrift. n. f., avd. 2, bd. 21, nr. 9 (1925).

Lee, R. E. Phycology, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Leone, Bowden, Carroll and J. Coll. Chemical consequences of relocation of the soft coral Lobophytum compactum and its placement in contact with the red alga Plocamium hamatum. Marine Biology 122 (1995): 675-679.

Neushul, M. Studies of subtidal marine vegetation in western Washington. Ecology 48 (1967): 83-94.

Round, F. The Ecology of Algae. London: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Rovirosa, M. and A. San-Martin. Two chemical types of the red alga Plocamium cartilagineum. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 16.7-8 (1988): 593-595.

Saunders, G. W. and G. T. Kraft. Small-subunit rRNA gene sequences from representatives of selected families of the Gigartinales and Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). 1. Evidence for the Plocamiales ord. nov. Canadian journal of Botany 72.9 (1994): 1250-1261.

Silva, P. Personal interview. Berkeley, CA: Jepson Herbarium. 23 April 1999.

Smith, G. M. Marine Algae of the Monterey Peninsula. 2nd ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1969.

South, G. and N. Adams. A revision of the genus Plocamium Lamouroux (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in New Zealand. Pycologia 18.2 (1979):120-132.

Sze, P. A Biology of the Algae. Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill Co. Inc., 1998.

Vayda, M. E. and M. L. Yuan. The heat shock response of an antarctic alga is evident at 5° C. Plant Molecular Biology 24.1 (1994): 229-233.

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© 1999 Nilauro Markus, Marla Ranelletti, Christopher Loo